Of America

Statue of Liberty

This strict lady with a burning torch and a tablet is a symbol not only of New York, but of the whole of America. Created in France, the Statue of Liberty has taken root very well on its island near Manhattan. 

All tourists without exception are photographed against its background, traditionally becoming in the pose with an outstretched arm that has become known throughout the world.


The statue represents a woman who personifies freedom, dressed in clothes that resemble a tunic; clothing covers the entire body of a woman, except for the head, hands and feet, with which she stands on broken chains. The woman's head is crowned with a crown consisting of a base and seven rays; in her right hand, raised above her head, she holds a torch, in her left hand, bent at the elbow so that the hand is below shoulder level - a tablet (stone tablet) with an inscription consisting of English letters and Roman numerals ("JULY IV MDCCLXXVI") , denoting "July 4, 1776" - the date of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence of the United States [2]. The seven rays on the crown of the statue symbolize the seven seas and seven continents [3] [4].

The leg, arms, head and clothing of the statue are composed of thin sheets of copper, minted in wooden molds and mounted on a steel frame. Gold is used in the decoration of the flames of the torch.

The statue sits on a granite pedestal, which in turn stands on a concrete base. The massive stonework of the pedestal has two square bridges made of steel beams; they are connected by steel anchor beams that extend upward to become part of the Eiffelian (reminiscent of the frame of the Eiffel Tower) frame of the statue itself. Thus, the statue and the pedestal are one. Inside the pedestal there is a museum dedicated to the history of the statue, at the top there is an observation deck. The museum and the pedestal observation deck can be accessed either by stairs or by elevator. To climb this observation deck, you need to climb 192 steps. The pedestal has a transparent ceiling through which, while inside the pedestal, you can see the inner steel frame. In the statue itself, at the base of the crown and on the torch (around the flames) there are also viewing platforms, which can only be reached by stairs. To get to the observation deck at the base of the crown, you need to climb a spiral staircase of 356 steps. This playground features 25 windows that offer expansive views of New York Harbor, symbolizing earthly gems and heavenly rays that illuminate the world. A staircase 12.8 meters long, located inside the arm, leads to the viewing platform on a torch.

Usually the statue is open to the public. Visitors generally arrive at Liberty Island by ferry from the docks in Battery Park City and Liberty State Park.

The territory of Liberty Island (Liberty) originally belonged to the state of New Jersey, was later administered by New York, and is currently under federal administration [5]. Until 1956, the island was called "Bedloe's Island", although it was also called "Freedom Island" since the beginning of the 20th century.